Time management…while listening...
Read the instructions and the task carefully. Make sure you understand what you are asked to do (give specific information, take notes, answer open questions, etc.) and how many times you will hear the recording.
Before you listen, try to imagine what the recording will be about. Sometimes it is easy to predict.
If you have a gap-filling exercise to do, try to guess the missing words or phrases before you listen. If you cannot determine what is missing, at least identify the part of speech or type of word (e.g. number, date, name, adjective, etc.). That will help you understand what you need to ‘listen for’ when you hear the recording.
When you listen for the first time (in the case of the “traditional” model when you listen to a recording twice), do your best, try to understand as much as you can, but also relax. Attempt to note down as many answers as possible.
Use the pause between listening for the first and the second time and the minute right after the second listening to complete your answers. Your short-term memory will provide you with the required information (at least some) even though you have actually stopped listening, because what you have just heard is still in your brain.
While listening for the second time, check the answers that you already have, correct them if necessary and complete what is missing (I call it CCC: “check, correct and complete”).
Don’t get distracted while listening. Don’t talk or look at your friends’ answers. Concentrate. It’s listening time.